Monday, June 1, 2020

James McCanney tells it like it isn't

        James McCanney is the electric comet guy, the Planet X guy and one of the foremost of the Apollo deniers. Phil Plait has done a good job explaining how wrong McCanney is on most topics in astronomy. So has Stuart Robbins, here.  One that "Bad Astronomy" didn't catch (Stuart Robbins did, here)  is his statement that Venus is tidally locked to Earth. It isn't true (The synodic period of Venus is 583.92 days, and its rotational period is 224.701 Earth days retrograde) but the Earth-Venus system does have the unusual property that Venus shows almost exactly the same face to us at successive closest approaches.note 1. So probably McCanney once heard the above true statement and misinterpreted it to mean the UNtrue statement that Venus always shows us the same face.

        McCanney is a recurrent guest on Coast to Coast AM, although his appearance a week ago (26th May) ended a 7-year drought. C2C likes to promote him as a Professor of Mathematics and Physics from Cornell, although he hasn't taught at Cornell since the 80s.

        For many years McCanney was warning "Planet X is coming!!" He cited the observations of Tom Van Flandern and Robert Harrington, who declared in 1989 that they had spotted an incoming planet four times the mass of Earth, visible only from the Southern hemisphere. Now, explaining why Planet X still hasn't arrived, McCanney says it turned into the Hale-Bopp comet, discovered in 1995. Moreover, he said, there was good evidence of intelligent signalling from Planet X. Well, that's awfully wrong. Planets do not turn into comets,note 2 and if there had been good evidence of signalling, it would have been front-page news.note 3

        Conscious, perhaps, that McCanney's statements were at gross variance with conventional astronomy, George Noory asked "Why is NASA afraid to admit these things?" This was McCanney's answer:
"I can't answer your question but I can tell you it's a top-down thing, and the people at NASA are under strict gag orders. People from NASA can't just walk up to the microphone and say something. It goes through an official release, OKed by people like [?] Tony Phillipsnote 4, people like that."
        I've interacted quite a bit with NASA scientists in my career, and I've never come across one who was gagged or even felt as though they were.note 5

Power and water from the air
        McCanney has a pending patent on a wind generator that not only generates local electric power but also extracts water from the atmosphere.


        The generator is now being installed in units from 2 to 250 kW, and McCanney (rather optimistically, I think) asserts that one day it will entirely replace nuclear and fossil fuel energy sources.

        On Coast to Coast AM he proudly said that the WING generator had won the 2018 Water Abundance X Prize, $1,500,000 . That's not actually true—the winners were The Skysource/Skywater Alliance, but McCanney's generator was awarded a $150,000 second-place consolation prize.

====================/ \===================
[1]  The interval between successive close approaches of Venus to Earth is equal to 5.001444 Venusian solar days. So at each  closest approach we see just half a degree more on Venus's West edge, and half a degree less on the East, than at the last closest approach (at the equator that works out to about 53 km). An astronomer would have to live for 2,219 years to see a full rotation of Venus at closest approach.

ref:  Atmospheric tides and the resonant rotation of VenusIcarus, Nov. 1969, Thomas Gold and Steven Soter.

[2] ...or vice versa. Another of McCanney's errors is the fantasy that Venus was once a comet.

[3] Again, Phil Plait has nailed the Planet X fallacy expertly.

[4] It sounded like "Tony Phillips" but I don't know who he means. No such person is in the list of official NASA spokespersons.

[5] One who I spent a lot of time with during the Viking missions was Chief Scientist Gerry Soffen. What is Gerry most remembered for by writers? He was the first to show the image of  "The Face on Mars". Gagged? I don't think so.

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Adrenochrome and fantasy

James Concannon writes... 

       Adrenochrome is a real compound, chemical formula C9H9NO3, the result of the oxidation of the hormone adrenaline (C9H13NO3).

        What is not true is that adrenochrome is a potent psychotomimetic/hallucinogenic drug having effects on the brain similar to those of LSD (C20H25N3O). It is not a controlled substance in either the USA or the UK, although it may be mildly psychoactive in some people at some dosages.

         What is even less true is that the only source of "the good stuff" is a living human body, preferably that of a child.

        What is less true even than that is that Hollywood celebrities, addicted to adrenochrome, have abducted large numbers of children and kept them in cages as a source of their recreational drug.

        Least true of all is that 2,100 caged children were rescued from five different underground bases in California by US Marines on 14th October 2019. That nauseating lie was promulgated by a guy from Wisconsin called Timothy Charles Holmseth, first on YouTube and then on a web page dated 1st April 2020. This was no April Fool's joke—Holmseth followed it up two days later with a "report" expanding the story from 2,100 to 35,000 and from California to three other States. Robert Morningstar swallowed the story hook, line and sinker, and re-posted it on his Foolbook page five days ago. Morningstar is an educated man—a Fordham University scholar, he tells us often—so why is he spreading this garbage around? I suspect the answer is political. The ridiculous fiction known as Pizzagate showed us that the propagandists of the extreme right wing in the USA (and that includes Morningstar) are interested in connecting any democrats with pedophilia and other forms of child abuse. According to an article in Spectator USA, propagandists of the extreme right (Q-Anon) circulated a rumor in 2018 that there was a video showing Hillary Clinton and Huma Abedin mutilating a young girl in order to harvest adrenochrome from her terrified body. As if.

The Truth
        The truth is that the potency (and availability) of adrenochrome is all in fiction. Under the name drenchrom, it gets a mention in Anthony Burgess's dark dystopian novel Clockwork Orange. But the primary source of misinformation is Hunter Thompson's 1971 book Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas. Hunter Thompson himself admitted that he made up the part about adrenochrome. The movie adaptation even shows Johnny Depp taking a hit:

Universal Pictures, 1998

        The whole idea of harvesting adrenochrome from adrenal galnds was a plot point in the FICTIONAL TV series Inspector Lewis (2008).

An obsession

Timothy Charles Holmseth describes himself as follows:
 “Timothy Charles Holmseth, 51, Minnesota, is a former radio broadcaster, government reporter, magazine writer, song writer, author, and publisher…recognized with first place awards for news reporting and column writing by the North Dakota Newspaper Association including Best News Series, as well as awards from Boone Publishing.”
The Frank Report investigated these claims and wrote:
He was never a “radio broadcaster” – just a guest on an internet podcast. Never a Government reporter (whatever that is) – and never wrote a magazine or song anyone knows of. Search of the ND Newspaper Assn site shows they never heard of him – and Boone Publishing doesn’t give awards.
        It is sort-of-true that Holmseth is an author and publisher. Amazon books lists five works self-published by him. The topics of all five are, guess what? Pedophilia and child abuse. Holmseth also claims to belong to some organization called the Pentagon Pedophile Task Force. The internet fact-checker Lead Stories debunked the whole pack of lies yesterday, confirming that there is no such thing as the Pentagon Pedophile Task Force. A blog in March 2018 detailed Holmseth's criminal record.

...and this is the man who Robert Morningstar wants us to believe.


Sources:
Wikipedia
Minnesota’s Timothy Holmseth finds trouble with his Q-Anon conspiracies
The truth about adrenochrome
Timothy Charles Holmseth is not what he appears to be (YouTube)

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

Kerry Cassidy has a theory

        Kerry Cassidy just released the audio of an interview she sat down for with some flaky outfit called Above Duality. There's some indication that the interview was actually recorded a week earlier, but it was clearly in the thick of the current COVID-19 pandemic, because that was Kerry's first topic.

        She explained that the entire population is infected by the SARS-CoV-2, but symptoms only show when the virus is "activated" by 5G transmissions. Well, that should be easy to check. As we all know, Italy and Spain have been particularly hard hit by the pandemic (deaths 16,523 and 13,897 respectively as of today).

        Vodaphone has launched 5G in the following cities in Italy: Milan, Turin, Bologna, Rome and Naples.  Are SARS-CoV-2 infections clustered in those cities? No, they are not. No part of Italy is unaffected.



        Here are the top 12 regions/cities in Spain affected by COVID-19:


       Ten of those regions have 5G available to some extent. 5G has not been implemented in either Toledo (Castile-La Mancha) or León, the third and fourth regions on that list. 5G is, however, rolled out in Màlaga, Gijon (Asturias) and Santander (Cantabria)—cities/regions that have, so far, so few cases of infection that they are not even on that list.

       I might just add that many countries such as Iceland and Brazil, that have no 5G yet, have not been spared from the symptoms, and the deaths. Far from it. 5G is in 40 countries world-wide, COVID is in 190.

A unique interviewer
        Kerry reviewed the years she has spent interviewing what she calles "whistleblowers," claiming that she was the first to do this. She said she is enormously helped in her interpretations of the information she gets by her superior intuition. She also praised her particular technique:
48:08 KC: I'm a very unique interviewer, and I challenge my witnesses. I also tend to kind-of play a cat-and-mouse game with them, to get them to tell the truth. And I'm also, I'm able to discern when someone is falling into what is kind of a... a recording in their head, that they then speak from. And so they get ... their tone tends to get very monotonous. There are tell-tale signs of programming. And I tend to break them out of it by asking ..and interrupting them, and asking them questions, sometimes completely what appears to be off topic. And I also have help during these interviews from ETs. ... that are tapping into me and giving me information.
        I've only heard a tiny fraction of Kerry's interviews, so I can't say how true that is generally. However, at one point I did listen to the whole of her interview with Ken Johnston in February 2016. She utterly failed to challenge Ken's often-told story about seeing NASA technicians airbrushing out stars in the Apollo photographs, and let other allegations slide right on by, too. As I blogged at the time, she went off on a tangent about Brian O'Leary that was patently untrue. So on that basis, my opinion of Kerry Cassidy as an interviewer is that she's useless.

Update 13th April
        Kerry C. now has a new page in which she lays the entire blame for COVID-19 on George Soros. It's so disgracefully anti-semitic that I'm not even going to link to it.

Sunday, March 29, 2020

"No epidemic in Seattle" says Mike Bara

        Mike Bara just posted this mini-video [NOW REMOVED FOR VIOLATION OF YT GUIDELINES: i.e. BLATANTLY UNTRUE] of him walking through the Emergency Room at the Auburn Medical Center south of Seattle.

        There are no lines of panicked patients, no dead bodies on gurneys. Bara concludes by saying "There is no COVID-19 epidemic whatsoever in Seattle."

        The Seattle Times would disagree. Yesterday the paper published these maps of the trend:



        Auburn and Seattle are both in King County, where 136 of the 2,077 confirmed cases have died.  The trend histogram clearly shows exponential growth.

        The Medical Center's web site makes it plain that visitor restrictions are in effect, and patients who believe they may have the symptoms of coronavirus infection are advised to call before coming to the facility. Visitors are being screened (surely Bara must have noticed this??), and those with symptoms are not being allowed to enter the premises.

I think Mike Bara is looking in the wrong place for victims.

I never said they were on the streets, did I?
        Mike Bara's followers (see YouTube comments) clearly think he's proved that the entire COVID-19 scare is a hoax perpetrated by the New World Order to facilitate their global takeover. But there's a deeper level of paranoia even than that. Last week Kerry Cassidy tweeted TANKS SEEN IN DOWNTOWN L.A. She then showed a picture of tanks loaded on train cars.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

No, SARS-CoV-2 was not deliberately created for population control

« Our analyses clearly show that SARS-CoV-2 is not a laboratory construct or a purposefully manipulated virus. »

« [T]he high-affinity binding of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein to human ACE2 is most likely the result of natural selection on a human or human-like ACE2 that permits another optimal binding solution to arise. This is strong evidence that SARS-CoV-2 is not the product of purposeful manipulation. »

        The above are direct quotes from a letter published in Nature Medicine on 17th March, two days ago. The title is The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2, and the authors are Kristian G. Andersen1, Andrew Rambaut2, W. Ian Lipkin3, Edward C. Holmes4, and Robert F. Garry5.

1. Department of Immunology and Microbiology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA
2. Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
3. Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health of Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
4. Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, School of Life and Environmental Sciences and School of Medical Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
5. Tulane University, School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, New Orleans, LA, USA

        Anyone who still believes that this virus is a product of conspiracy to reduce or "cull" the human population is invited to Read the fucking article.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Richard Hoagland and Sharry Edwards™

        Last night on his blogtalk chatshow, Hoagland tackled a highly topical subject, with the help of some people who were not just "fringe science" figures, but well beyond the fringe. This was his sell:
"Amid all the fear and misinformation currently swirling around the rapidly worsening global "coronavirus situation," tonight we present new scientific hope for those most vulnerable to the disease.
A few weeks ago, as a means of amplifying their demonstrably positive medical effects, I suggested that Sharry Edwards' revolutionary "bio-acoustic resonance" protocols -- using specific sound frequencies to eliminate harmful viruses and bacteria in humans and their pets -- be carried out inside one of Charlie Ziese's "torsion-field amplifying" modern pyramids.note 1
The first of a series of such "pyramid resonance experiments" has now been carried out -- with some truly remarkable results ... and global implications." [emph. added]
        I missed the show, but I was intrigued to know more about these "demonstrably positive medical effects". Here's what an internet search revealed.

Institute of Bioacoustic Biology and Sound Health


        Sharry Edwards™ runs an outfit called 'The Institute of Bioacoustic Biology and Sound Health" in Albany, Ohio. Among the claims on the Institute's website I found these:

" the sounds of the voice can act as a holographic representation of health and wellness."

" is it now possible to reverse diseases and traumas previously thought to be incurable."

"The effects of BioAcoustic Biology ... have unlimited health and wellness potential."

"The research being conducted by the Institute of BioAcoustic Biology is on the forefront of energy medicine; creating the doorway to our next dimension of health revolution. In addition, the techniques hold promise in answering questions about how our universe was formed."

Remarkable talent, she says
        Sharry Edwards herself (who inexplicably appends a ™ to her own name) makes no claim of academic achievment, but writes that she has a remarkable talent.
"My sacred story eludes me because my unusual talent was present before my memory begins, hence I don’t know how my ability to make history by creating the future, will evolve."
"I can hear and duplicate the sounds/frequencies that people need to balance and become well.  My mission is to provide the tools and solutions to the public in the hopes of making a difference and selfishly hope my time on the planet will leave it a better place."
        This is, apparently, a "talent" that can be learned. The Institute of Bioacoustic Biology and Sound Health offers several training courses, for example:

BioAcoustic Basics Technician Course, 2 days
$300, plus yearly renewal fee $300

BioAcoustic Professional, 5 days
$5600 inc. equipment, plus yearly renewal fee $400

..but it's NOT medical
        Applicants for these courses are required to sign a "Confidentiality agreement," from which they learn:

  • this technique is not a medical treatment and ... it is not presented, either expressly or implied, as a medical treatment.
  • Sharry Edwards is not a licensed physician and is not holding herself out as a licensed physician nor as practicing medicine.

        So, OK, Ms. Edwards™ is running a business. Nothing wrong with that, but what seems to be missing here is any of that "demonstrably positive medical effect" or "elimination of harmful viruses and bacteria" that Hoagland wrote about. It looks very much as if he was making claims for Edwards™ that she herself couldn't deliver.

=======================/ \======================
[1] Here's Charlie Ziese's web page."All pyramids are passive torsion generators, and therefore producers of chi/prana/orgone/aetheric energy" — see what I mean about "beyond the fringe"??

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

BRIEFING: How viruses work

        I recently had occasion to refesh my memory about the nitty-gritty of protein synthesis, and how viruses capture the resources of a cell to force it to generate the nasty proteins with which they would like to take over the world. I thought it might be appropriate, as we face the possibility of a major global pandemic, to deliver a blog-lecture on the subject. Use this as a reference when the topic comes up in your office or at your dinner-party—you'll have the benefit of telling the true story instead of the panic-story or the conspiracy-story.

[Plugs in laptop, gets Powerpoint up, shows first slide]



        I'll start with DNA, the familiar double-helix nucleic acid. Each of the two complementary strands is made of linked molecules called nucleotides. There are only four to choose from: Cytosine, Guanine, Adenine and Thymine (C,G,A,T) Wherever a C appears in one DNA strand, there must be a G in the complementary strand, and vice versa. Wherever an A appears in one DNA strand, there must be a T in the complementary strand, and vice versa. So a section of DNA, unwound, is schematically like this:

T A C T T G G A C A C A T G C G A A G C T T
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

A T G A A C C T G T G T A C G C T T C G A A

        The bonds indicated by vertical lines are not strong, so the helix can and does unwind into two separate strands. One of two things can then happen: either each strand can pick up the nucleotides it needs to make it double-stranded again, in which case it has replicated, OR a slightly different nucleic acid strand may be created using a gene from within single-strand DNA as a template.

        This is messenger RNA, written mRNA, and it's not quite exactly like a single strand of DNA. Where DNA uses thymine, RNA uses uracil, so a strand of mRNA derived from the upper strand shown above would be like this:

A U G A A C C U G U G U A C G C U U C G A A

        The job of the mRNA strand is to find a cellular structure called a ribosome, which is capable of translating the string of nucleotides into a string of amino acids, which then fold up to become a protein.

        mRNA feeds through the ribosome three letters at a time, each set of three (called a codon) representing one of the 20 possible amino acids according to the genetic code so brilliantly worked out by George Gamow, Francis Crick, Sydney Brenner and others. 

        The leftmost triplet in the string I'm using, AUG, is an almost-invariable START signal, and the amino acid it normally codes for is ignored. Thereafter, this particular string would decode as follows:


A U G | A A C | C U G | U G U | A C G |C U U 
 START          Asn             Leu             Cys             Thr           Leu ....etc...

Here's the entire code, in chart form:


        Notice that, just as AUG means START, there are three codons meaning STOP: UAA, UAG, and UGA. 

         The amino acids are brought to the ribosome packaged with a short RNA strand called Transfer RNA (tRNA), The tRNA molecule presents a triplet of nucleotides to the ribosome for matching to the mRNA strand at its current position. For example, the amino acid Leucine is coded CUG in the above example, in the mRNA sequence. So the tRNA wrapped around Leucine needs to show GAC as a match. This is called an anti-codon.

How viruses exploit this machinery
        Most viruses consist of an RNA strand from a few thousand to a few million nucleotides, coding for between 2 and 2500 proteins. The RNA is wrapped in a protein envelope called a capsid. The virus gains entry into a cell by attaching spikes called peplomers to receptors on the cell membrane. It's unlikely that the receptors are there simply to make life easy for a virus—more likely the receptors have a more benign function that viruses have learned to exploit.

        Once inside the cell, the viral RNA has a few distinct strategies for replicating and being expressed (decoded). I'm going to write about three of these.

Retroviruses use an enzyme called reverse transcriptase to turn themselves into double-stranded DNA, which then inserts itself into the host genome at a random site. The normal machinery of the cell takes over the task of replicating and expressing the viral sequence along with the rest of the genome.

Examples of retroviruses: HIV, HTLV (Human T-lymphotropic virus)

        One technique for gene therapy is to use a disabled retrovirus as a carrier to insert a good copy of a gene into the genome of a patient in whom that gene is missing or incompetent. In principle, a wide range of genetic disease, including some cancers, might be eliminated by this means. However, clinical progress has been slow and some accidents have happened.

Positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses are the most common form, and include the following list of threats to human health:

Coronavirus
Hepatitis-C
West Nile
Dengue
SARS and MERS
Common cold

        The descriptor "positive-sense" means that the viral RNA mimics normal mRNA perfectly, with all codons reading correctly including the start and stop sequences AUG and UAG. A coronavirus is about 30,000 nucleotides long in total. So the (+)ssRNA goes straight to a ribosome and says "translate me." The ribosome obediently churns out proteinnote 1, and one of the first proteins produced is an enzyme that assists in replication of the viral RNA itself.

        To make things even worse, (+)ssRNA keeps the ribosomes so busy that normal protein synthesis is inhibited.


Negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses are the same but written backwards. Before they can be expressed, they first have to be converted to positive-sense by RNA polymerase. These viruses are in general much more complex than the (+)ssRNA type, and generate capsid-enveloped copies of themselves that then extrude from the cell and go off to do further damage to other cells.

Notable examples of (-)ssRNA viruses are:

Ebola
Marburg
Measles
Mumps
Rabies
Lassa
Hepatitis-D
Influenza

How do viruses learn these tricks?
        Of course, viruses could not possibly have evolved as external to cells—"knowledge" of how protein synthesis works would be essential for a virus to develop a way of exploiting it.

        In my opinion, viruses must have originally evolved within cells and later been ejected, or the co-evolving cells died off leaving the viruses as evil survivors. If that's correct, (-)ssRNA would be the original form and the other types evolved later from that form. There's even a theory that viruses evolved as the first living forms, and more complex entities followed along.

Extraterrestrial life?
        Knowledge of these detailed living processes makes me a skeptic when it comes to the question of life elsewhere in the universe. As we learn more about how common planetary systems are, people say "with all those trillions of possible sites where life could have evolved, it's ridiculous to think that planet Earth is the one and only place it actually happened."

        I say no, it's not ridiculous at all. The intricacy of the processes I have described in this blog-lecture is such that, to me, it could only happen once in this particular way. If there is a form of extraterrestrial life somewhere, it would have to have its own rules  and its own chemistry. I doubt if we'd even recognize it as life if we had a sample of it.

Could some of these viruses be artificial?
        In other words, the question is "could some laboratory have created and released coronaviruses as a biological weapon, or a deliberate population-reduction strategy?" 

I don't know. I doubt it. Ken Cuccinelli, acting deputy secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, recently said this:
 "I will say the reading that I have done of medical professionals suggest that the structure of the virus seems unlikely to have been man-made because if it was made to be a threat, you would expect to see certain characteristics that aren’t present.
I have no idea what he meant by "certain characteristics."

 This analysis might be helpful.

=====================/ \====================
[1] The ribosome delivers all the protein encoded by the viral RNA connected up in one long chain. A biochemical called a protease chops that chain up into functioning protein packages. One strategy that has already had some success against the HIV virus is to find a way of attacking viral protease, disabling it and thus thwarting the virus's life cycle. Anti-viral drugs that perform this trick are called Protease inhibitors, and an inhibitor effective against coronavirus is a subject of intensive research.

Tuesday, February 25, 2020

Mike Bara and wormholes

        Mike Bara, the world-famous theoretical physiscistphysicistnote 1, was given the second half of Coast to Coast AM last night. The peg was the 78th anniversary of the "Battle of Los Angeles"—an event that saw anti-aircraft crews peppering a weather balloon in the mistaken belief that it was part of a Japanese attack. Bara, naturally, preferred the version of the story that  makes the balloon into an extraterrestrial flying machine piloted by LGM. You either believe that or you don't. I don't, personally.

        That little fantasy wasn't nearly enough to fill the allocated two hours—even allowing for the torrent of commericals C2C is now allowing itself—so George Noory moved on. "Of all the things you've investigated," he said,"which one gets you the most excited?" I thought Bara would say "The Bermuda Triangle" in order to plug his most recent book (which has been hammered by Amazon reader reviews). But no, what gets Mike all fizzy today is wormholes. He said "I believe wormhole technology has been solved. It'll be announced later this year. We'll be able to travel faster than light to the stars!!!"

        Well, y'know, there's no such thing as "wormhole technology" and never will be. It's not a technology and hardly even a science—more of a mathematical exhibit. Wormholes are a theoretical consequence of general relativity, invented (as a means of space travel) by Kip Thorne more as a way of teaching relativity than a speculation about what we humans might actually be up to in another 1,000 years. I like to think that Prof. Thorne rolls his eyes somewhat when he hears of half-educated nincompoops like Mike Bara misunderstanding his work.

Change at Châtelet
        My question to wormhole-believers is this: Supposing you did find the entrance to a wormhole. How in hell would you know where in the universe it pops back up into reality? It might not be anywhere you're remotely interested in going. If you're lost in Paris, you can always study the map of the Métro and eventually get it. «Direction Porte de Clignancourt, six stops, change at Châtelet, direction Mairie des Lilas, four more stops.» But in a womhole-rich universe, there's no Métro map and no changing at Châtelet. You disappear and re-appear in some location over which you have no control. Is that really practical, do you think?

        Another problem is that, unlike the Paris Métro (other than during industrial strikes, of course) there's no guarantee that a reverse hole exists to get you back home. Like the failed Mars One scheme of a few years ago, it's a one-way ticket if it's a ticket at all.

        Oh God! It's just occurred to me that perhaps the reason Bara made this topic his front page headline last night was because that'll be the subject of his next book. God save us, and save the trees!!!

Update:
        In the movie of "Contact" it's not made clear, but in fact Carl Sagan had the idea that a very advanced civilization might be able to artificially construct a two-way wormhole specifically for the purpose of superluminal travel between points A and Z. That's like closing the Paris Métro except Line 4, then closing all the intermediate stations so that the only possible journey is between Porte d'Orléans and Porte de Clignancourt. It's hard to imagine that being very popular.

        If this is the sort of thing Mike Bara means when he referes to "Wormhole technology" he's dreaming. Well, we knew that, I guess.

==========================/ \======================
[1] Just kidding. "Former CAD-CAM technician" is the truth.